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Cancer can be scary. The disease is linked to genetics, the environment, your age, and pure chance. But, since most cancers show no symptoms, regular screenings for cancer are highly encouraged. These screenings increase your likelihood of catching cancer early when it's easier to treat and cure.
Even though cancer is a general term referring to more than 200 different diseases, there are three common types to be aware of:
Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the U.S. with about 430,000 people living with this diagnosis. Usually, the result of smoking, lung cancer often shows no symptoms until it spreads. If you do have symptoms such as constant coughing, hoarseness, respiratory infections, and coughing up blood, please see your health care provider.
Breast cancer affects an estimated 1 in 8 U.S. women will develop breast cancer over the course of her lifetime, making this the most common cancer found in women. Signs of breast cancer include developing a lump, breast pain, nipple discharge (other than breast milk, including blood), skin irritation, redness, swelling and/or any change in the size or shape of the breast.
Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the U.S. for men and women. It starts with a growth or polyp inside the colon or rectum and takes several years to develop into cancer, making it highly preventable. Although there are often no symptoms during the early stages, you should tell your doctor if you experience rectal bleeding, blood in stool, changes in your bowel habits, and cramping.